Learning multiplication tables is an important part of a child’s elementary education. Mastering multiplication tables at an early age can help the child build a strong foundation in the subject of mathematics. This will not only help the child during the school days but beyond. Having a strong hold on the multiplication tables prepares the child for other math topics such as division, fractions, and algebra. This website lists multiplication tables from 1 to 20. Use these charts to teach your child multiplication and see how it improves his/her memory.
1 × 1 = 1 | 1 × 11 = 11 |
2 × 1 = 2 2 × 2 = 4 2 × 3 = 6 2 × 4 = 8 2 × 5 = 10 2 × 6 = 12 2 × 7 = 14 2 × 8 = 16 2 × 9 = 18 2 × 10 = 20 | 2 x 11 = 22 2 x 12 = 24 2 x 13 = 26 2 x 14 = 28 2 x 15 = 30 2 x 16 = 32 2 x 17 = 34 2 x 18 = 36 2 x 19 = 38 2 x 20 = 40 |
3 × 1 = 3 3 × 2 = 6 3 × 3 = 9 3 × 4 = 12 3 × 5 = 15 3 × 6 = 18 3 × 7 = 21 3 × 8 = 24 3 × 9 = 27 3 × 10 = 30 | 3 x 11 = 33 3 x 12 = 36 3 x 13 = 39 3 x 14 = 42 3 x 15 = 45 3 x 16 = 48 3 x 17 = 51 3 x 18 = 54 3 x 19 = 57 3 x 20 = 60 |
4 × 1 = 4 4 × 2 = 8 4 × 3 = 12 4 × 4 = 16 4 × 5 = 20 4 × 6 = 24 4 × 7 = 28 4 × 8 = 32 4 × 9 = 36 4 × 10 = 40 | 4 x 11 = 44 4 x 12 = 48 4 x 13 = 52 4 x 14 = 56 4 x 15 = 60 4 x 16 = 64 4 x 17 = 68 4 x 18 = 72 4 x 19 = 76 4 x 20 = 80 |
5 × 1 = 5 5 × 2 = 10 5 × 3 = 15 5 × 4 = 20 5 × 5 = 25 5 × 6 = 30 5 × 7 = 35 5 × 8 = 40 5 × 9 = 45 5 × 10 = 50 | 5 x 11 = 55 5 x 12 = 60 5 x 13 = 65 5 x 14 = 70 5 x 15 = 75 5 x 16 = 80 5 x 17 = 85 5 x 18 = 90 5 x 19 = 95 5 x 20 = 100 |
6 × 1 = 6 6 × 2 = 12 6 × 3 = 18 6 × 4 = 24 6 × 5 = 30 6 × 6 = 36 6 × 7 = 42 6 × 8 = 48 6 × 9 = 54 6 × 10 = 60 | 6 x 11 = 66 6 x 12 = 72 6 x 13 = 78 6 x 14 = 84 6 x 15 = 90 6 x 16 = 96 6 x 17 = 102 6 x 18 = 108 6 x 19 = 114 6 x 20 = 120 |
7 × 1 = 7 7 × 2 = 14 7 × 3 = 21 7 × 4 = 28 7 × 5 = 35 7 × 6 = 42 7 × 7 = 49 7 × 8 = 56 7 × 9 = 63 7 × 10 = 70 | 7 x 11 = 77 7 x 12 = 84 7 x 13 = 91 7 x 14 = 98 7 x 15 = 105 7 x 16 = 112 7 x 17 = 119 7 x 18 = 126 7 x 19 = 133 7 x 20 = 140 |
8 × 1 = 8 8 × 2 = 16 8 × 3 = 24 8 × 4 = 32 8 × 5 = 40 8 × 6 = 48 8 × 7 = 56 8 × 8 = 64 8 × 9 = 72 8 × 10 = 80 | 8 x 11 = 88 8 x 12 = 96 8 x 13 = 104 8 x 14 = 112 8 x 15 = 120 8 x 16 = 128 8 x 17 = 136 8 x 18 = 144 8 x 19 = 152 8 x 20 = 160 |
9 × 1 = 9 9 × 2 = 18 9 × 3 = 27 9 × 4 = 36 9 × 5 = 45 9 × 6 = 54 9 × 7 = 63 9 × 8 = 72 9 × 9 = 81 9 × 10 = 90 | 9 x 11 = 99 9 x 12 = 108 9 x 13 = 117 9 x 14 = 126 9 x 15 = 135 9 x 16 = 144 9 x 17 = 153 9 x 18 = 162 9 x 19 = 171 9 x 20 = 180 |
10 × 1 = 10 10 × 2 = 20 10 × 3 = 30 10 × 4 = 40 10 × 5 = 50 10 × 6 = 60 10 × 7 = 70 10 × 8 = 80 10 × 9 = 80 10 × 10 = 100 | 10 x 11 = 110 10 x 12 = 120 10 x 13 = 130 10 x 14 = 140 10 x 15 = 150 10 x 16 = 160 10 x 17 = 170 10 x 18 = 180 10 x 19 = 190 10 x 20 = 200 |
11 × 1 = 11 11 × 2 = 22 11 × 3 = 33 11 × 4 = 44 11 × 5 = 55 11 × 6 = 66 11 × 7 = 77 11 × 8 = 88 11 × 9 = 99 11 × 10 = 110 | 11 x 11 = 121 11 x 12 = 132 11 x 13 = 143 11 x 14 = 154 11 x 15 = 165 11 x 16 = 176 11 x 17 = 187 11 x 18 = 198 11 x 19 = 209 11 x 20 = 220 |
12 × 1 = 12 12 × 2 = 24 12 × 3 = 36 12 × 4 = 48 12 × 5 = 60 12 × 6 = 72 12 × 7 = 84 12 × 8 = 96 12 × 9 = 108 12 × 10 = 120 | 12 x 11 = 132 12 x 12 = 144 12 x 13 = 156 12 x 14 = 168 12 x 15 = 180 12 x 16 = 192 12 x 17 = 204 12 x 18 = 216 12 x 19 = 228 12 x 20 = 240 |
13 × 1 = 13 13 × 2 = 26 13 × 3 = 39 13 × 4 = 52 13 × 5 = 65 13 × 6 = 78 13 × 7 = 91 13 × 8 = 104 13 × 9 = 117 13 × 10 = 130 | 13 x 11 = 143 13 x 12 = 156 13 x 13 = 169 13 x 14 = 182 13 x 15 = 195 13 x 16 = 208 13 x 17 = 221 13 x 18 = 234 13 x 19 = 247 13 x 20 = 260 |
14 × 1 = 14 14 × 2 = 28 14 × 3 = 42 14 × 4 = 56 14 × 5 = 70 14 × 6 = 84 14 × 7 = 98 14 × 8 = 112 14 × 9 = 126 14 × 10 = 140 | 14 x 11 = 154 14 x 12 = 168 14 x 13 = 182 14 x 14 = 196 14 x 15 = 210 14 x 16 = 224 14 x 17 = 238 14 x 18 = 252 14 x 19 = 266 14 x 20 = 280 |
15 × 1 = 15 15 × 2 = 30 15 × 3 = 45 15 × 4 = 60 15 × 5 = 75 15 × 6 = 90 15 × 7 = 105 15 × 8 = 120 15 × 9 = 135 15 × 10 = 150 | 15 x 11 = 165 15 x 12 = 180 15 x 13 = 195 15 x 14 = 210 15 x 15 = 225 15 x 16 = 240 15 x 17 = 255 15 x 18 = 270 15 x 19 = 285 15 x 20 = 300 |
16 × 1 = 16 16 × 2 = 32 16 × 3 = 48 16 × 4 = 64 16 × 5 = 80 16 × 6 = 96 16 × 7 = 112 16 × 8 = 128 16 × 9 = 144 16 × 10 = 160 | 16 x 11 = 176 16 x 12 = 192 16 x 13 = 208 16 x 14 = 224 16 x 15 = 240 16 x 16 = 256 16 x 17 = 272 16 x 18 = 288 16 x 19 = 304 16 x 20 = 320 |
17 × 1 = 17 17 × 2 = 34 17 × 3 = 51 17 × 4 = 68 17 × 5 = 85 17 × 6 = 102 17 × 7 = 119 17 × 8 = 136 17 × 9 = 153 17 × 10 = 170 | 17 x 11 = 187 17 x 12 = 204 17 x 13 = 221 17 x 14 = 238 17 x 15 = 255 17 x 16 = 272 17 x 17 = 289 17 x 18 = 306 17 x 19 = 323 17 x 20 = 340 |
18 × 1 = 18 18 × 2 = 36 18 × 3 = 54 18 × 4 = 72 18 × 5 = 90 18 × 6 = 108 18 × 7 = 126 18 × 8 = 144 18 × 9 = 162 18 × 10 = 180 | 18 x 11 = 198 18 x 12 = 216 18 x 13 = 234 18 x 14 = 252 18 x 15 = 270 18 x 16 = 288 18 x 17 = 306 18 x 18 = 324 18 x 19 = 342 18 x 20 = 360 |
19 × 1 = 19 19 × 2 = 38 19 × 3 = 57 19 × 4 = 76 19 × 5 = 95 19 × 6 = 114 19 × 7 = 133 19 × 8 = 152 19 × 9 = 171 19 × 10 = 190 | 19 x 11 = 209 19 x 12 = 228 19 x 13 = 247 19 x 14 = 266 19 x 15 = 285 19 x 16 = 304 19 x 17 = 323 19 x 18 = 342 19 x 19 = 361 19 x 20 = 380 |
20 × 1 = 20 20 × 2 = 40 20 × 3 = 60 20 × 4 = 80 20 × 5 = 100 20 × 6 = 120 20 × 7 = 140 20 × 8 = 160 20 × 9 = 180 20 × 10 = 200 | 20 x 11 = 220 20 x 12 = 240 20 x 13 = 260 20 x 14 = 280 20 x 15 = 300 20 x 16 = 320 20 x 17 = 340 20 x 18 = 360 20 x 19 = 380 20 x 20 = 400 |
Learning Multiplication from 1 to 20
Tips for Teaching A Child Multiplication
The leap from learning addition and subtraction to multiplication and division is a daunting task for young students and tutors. The biggest challenge is that students have a shorter time to learn the latter than the former. Tutors have a hard time developing strategies to ease the burden of learning multiplication. The century-old technique of coercing children to memorize the times table is intimidating and ineffective. Here are a few tips for teaching multiplication.
Basics First
It is essential that the child masters the basics before attempting multiplication. Avoid starting with memorization because it can lead to the fear of the multiplication table. The simplest means is to relate multiplication to addition — an operation that the student should already be comfortable with.
Your child should know that multiplication is repeated addition.
For example:
2 x 2 is similar to 2 + 2
or
3 x 3 is similar to 3 + 3+ 3
Start with Zeros and Ones
Your students should already be aware that adding a zero to a number (n + 0) has no effect. Next, explain that in multiplication, a number multiplied by zero is zero (n x 0) = 0. Secondly, explain to the student that any number multiplied by 1 is the number itself (n x 1) = n.
Teaching Times Tables Strategies
It is best to introduce the times table once you are confident that the student has mastered the concept of multiplication, lest they memorize the table without the knowledge. Start with what the students already know, i.e., numbers multiplied by 1 and 0. The standard chart is the most appropriate for elementary students. Most times tables resemble the one below. When a digit in the far left is multiplied with a digit at the top, the result is where the two converge.
For example:
1 x 1 = 1, 4 x 4 = 16, 7 x 7 = 49 and 11 x11 = 121 . . .
© Wikimedia
How Do You Practice Times Tables?
At this point, students are familiar with the times table, and it about time they start memorizing it. Teachers should make this process as fun as possible for the students to participate.
Encourage Children to Practice in Writing or Verbally
Identify a working rhythm and let the students set the tone. This can be in the form of a song or a poem. Use visual materials. Regardless of the times you cover multiplication, it is a good idea to hang charts in the classroom. Identify the strength of each child to ensure that everyone is on board. Those who are left behind are likely to struggle in future lessons.
Quiz Your Child Regularly – Make it FUN!
You can test your child once you are confident that they have memorized the times table. It’s best to do this when they are not focused on school matters such as when you are out in the mall or taking a stroll. It should be a fun session where the child is free to attempt without fear of failure. Correct a wrong answer with an explanation — do not shout or act aggressively.
Help Your Child When They Get Stuck
It is common for young students to get it wrong, especially when multiplying higher numbers. Some children memorize the wrong answers and have difficulty “resetting” their minds for the right answer. When you notice that the student is stumbling over the same issue, try a more practical approach such as sticking a note on the fridge or make them carry a cheat sheet with the problem.
Real-Life Application
It is vital to relate multiplication to real-life situations. Take your child out with you when you are buying groceries, fruits, eggs, or even when cooking. Let them count how many eggs can fit in a try or how many oranges is enough for the family. They can also calculate the total cost of goods. This way, children perceive the importance of multiplication and make more effort to learn.
Reward Effort
There is no harm in heightening the effort of your children by rewarding their effort in multiplication problems. They do not have to get it right; you can reward them for the progress they make. This encourages persistence and willingness to learn and try again.
Why Is Multiplication Important to Learn in School?
Multiplication forms the building block for other mathematical concepts. Once students are confident of their times table skills, addition, subtraction, and division become simpler. It also broadens their knowledge of general mathematics. Knowing 1 x 1 = 1 makes them understand that 10 x 10 = 100, and the relationship between 20 ÷ 4 = 5 and 5 x 4 = 20.